Stephen William Hawking (8 January 1942 – 14 March 2018) was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author who was director of research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge at the time of his death. He was the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge between 1979 and 2009. Hawking was born in Oxford into a family of doctors. He began his university education at University College, Oxford, in October 1959 at the age of 17, where he received a firstclass BA (Hons.) degree in physics. He began his graduate work at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, in October 1962, where he obtained his PhD degree in applied mathematics and theoretical physics, specialising in general relativity and cosmology in March 1966. In 1963, Hawking was diagnosed with an earlyonset slowprogressing form of motor neurone disease that gradually paralysed him over the decades. After the loss of his speech, he communicated through a speechgenerating device initially through use of a handheld switch, and eventually by using a single cheek muscle. Hawking's scientific works included a collaboration with Roger Penrose on gravitational singularity theorems in the framework of general relativity and the theoretical prediction that black holes …
Stephen Hawking
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 Aliases:

S.W. Hawking, സ്റ്റീഫൻ ഹോക്കിങ്, სთივენ ჰოუქინგი, and 62 others
Stephen W. Hawking, ষ্টিফেন হকিং, S. W. Hawking, S. Choking, Stiven Hokinq, স্টিফেন হকিং, Shidifen Huojin, Хокинг, Стивен Хокинг, Stepn Xawkyng, Hawking Stephen i Lucy, Ստիվեն Հոքինգ, סטיווען האקינג, စတီဖင်ဟော့ကင်း, С Хокинг, Stephen W Hawking, ستیفن هاوکینگ, ستيفن هوكينج, スティーブン・W ホーキング, S. William Hawking, สตีเฟน ฮอว์คิง, Стивън Хокинг, Sṭīpan̲ Hākkiņ, S. Hoking, Стивен Уильям Хокинг, ستيفن هوكنج،, Stīvens Hokings, S. W ホーキング, स्टीफन हॉकिंग, 史蒂芬·霍金, Stephen Hawking, スティーヴン・ホーキング, Sṭīpan̲ Hākkiṅ, סטיבן הוקינג, ਸਟੀਫਨ ਹਾਕਿੰਗ, Hawking, スティーヴン ホーキング, స్టీఫెన్ హాకింగ్, Stephen W. Hawkin, ஸ்டீபன் ஹோக்கிங், Stephen William Hawking, Sṭīpan_ Hākkiṅ, Stephanus Hawking, estiven hoquin, სტივენ ჰოუკინგი, S. W Hawking, סטיבן ו הוקינג, Стивен Ҳокинг, स्टीफन् हाकिङ्ग्, Lucy i Stephen Hawking, Стывен Уільям Хокінг, ಸ್ಟೀಫನ್ ಹಾಕಿಂಗ್, Стівен Гокінг, 霍金, استیون هاوکینگ, سٹیفن ہاکنگ, סטיבן ויליאם הוקינג, 스티븐 호킹, スティーヴン・W ホーキング, scienceties, Στήβεν Χώκινγκ, هوكنغ، ستيفن،  Born:
 Jan. 7, 1942
 Died:
 March 13, 2018
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Stephen William Hawking (8 January 1942 – 14 March 2018) was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author who was director of research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge at the time of his death. He was the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge between 1979 and 2009. Hawking was born in Oxford into a family of doctors. He began his university education at University College, Oxford, in October 1959 at the age of 17, where he received a firstclass BA (Hons.) degree in physics. He began his graduate work at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, in October 1962, where he obtained his PhD degree in applied mathematics and theoretical physics, specialising in general relativity and cosmology in March 1966. In 1963, Hawking was diagnosed with an earlyonset slowprogressing form of motor neurone disease that gradually paralysed him over the decades. After the loss of his speech, he communicated through a speechgenerating device initially through use of a handheld switch, and eventually by using a single cheek muscle. Hawking's scientific works included a collaboration with Roger Penrose on gravitational singularity theorems in the framework of general relativity and the theoretical prediction that black holes emit radiation, often called Hawking radiation. Initially, Hawking radiation was controversial. By the late 1970s and following the publication of further research, the discovery was widely accepted as a significant breakthrough in theoretical physics. Hawking was the first to set out a theory of cosmology explained by a union of the general theory of relativity and quantum mechanics. He was a vigorous supporter of the manyworlds interpretation of quantum mechanics.Hawking achieved commercial success with several works of popular science in which he discussed his theories and cosmology in general. His book A Brief History of Time appeared on the Sunday Times bestseller list for a recordbreaking 237 weeks. Hawking was a Fellow of the Royal Society, a lifetime member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, and a recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian award in the United States. In 2002, Hawking was ranked number 25 in the BBC's poll of the 100 Greatest Britons. He died on 14 March 2018 at the age of 76, after living with motor neurone disease for more than 50 years.